Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. If left unchecked, prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes, as well as other serious health problems such as heart disease and stroke.
Causes of Prediabetes
There are a number of factors that can increase your risk of developing prediabetes, including:
- Being overweight or obese
- Having a family history of diabetes
- Being over the age of 45
- Being physically inactive
- Having high blood pressure or cholesterol levels
Symptoms of Prediabetes
Many people with prediabetes do not have any symptoms, which is why it is often referred to as a “silent” condition. However, there are some signs and symptoms that may be associated with prediabetes, including:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger
- Blurred vision
- Frequent urination
If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to speak to a professional or to your doctor so that you can be properly diagnosed and treated.
Currently, there is no cure for prediabetes. Once you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, it is a lifelong condition. However, there are lifestyle changes that can help you manage your condition and prevent it from progressing to type 2 diabetes.
Reducing Excess Weight
Being overweight or obese is one of the leading risk factors for developing prediabetes. While it may not be easy to lose weight, even a small amount of weight loss (5-10% of your body weight) can significantly help in managing prediabetes.
Engaging in regular physical activity is another great way to manage prediabetes. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity, such as brisk walking, on most days of the week.
Eating a Healthy Diet
What you eat can also have a big impact on prediabetes. Be sure to include plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein in your diet. And limit sugary drinks and processed foods as much as possible.
Prediabetes is a serious condition, but it is one that can be managed with lifestyle changes and proper medical care.